Spain is part of the Schengen Agreement, including 25 European countries. This means that once you enter one of them, there are no internal border controls and you do not show your passport when crossing their country borders. The 25 countries are listed in www.schengenvisa.cc/index.html (Note that the United Kingdom, Ireland, Romania, Bulgaria, and Cyprus are not in the list)
Citizens of any State of the European Union, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, and Lichtenstein only require a National Identity Card or valid passport.
Non-EU citizens visiting Spain need a visa in order to enter and visit Spain, unless there exists a special agreement between Spain and their home country.
Canadian and U.S. citizens may enter the Schengen area (and Spain) for up to 90 days for tourist or business purpose without a visa, but the passport must be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay.
The nationals of the following countries are subject to visa requirement to enter or transit the Schengen area.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
DEM. REP. OF CONGO
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
ST VINCENT & THE GRANADINES
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Visas are managed by the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs through its consulates and embassies around the world.
You apply for and obtain a visa through the Spanish consulate nearest to your residence before you travel. Honorary consuls generally cannot issue visas but may provide application forms.
Since visas are never issued in Spain, you must apply for them before you leave your country of residency. Do not attempt to enter Spain without a visa if you need one. There is no emergency procedure, you cannot influence the police, your embassy in Spain cannot help and you will probably be refused entry.
Generally, you should apply for your visa about 8-12 weeks before the date of your arrival in Spain. You must first have a valid passport with at least three months until expiry in order to apply, so be sure to allow adequate time to obtain or renew both the passport and get the visa application processed. Don’t leave this to the last minute or you put your travel plans at risk.
Each Spanish consulate has different visa application procedures. You must call the consulate that has jurisdiction over your state of permanent residence (refer to list of consulates) to find out which procedure applies. You should address all questions concerning requirements and procedures for visa applications to your designated Spanish Consulate.
The process for obtaining a European Schengen visa normally requires you to provide the following materials:
If needed, when registering you can request an invitation letter to the technical secretariat that can be used to accompany your visa application to attend the conference.
The invitation letter will be sent after the participant has been registered and the registration fee has been received.
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